斯诺登专用匿名系统Tails发布1.0版本

2014/05/05
近期,旨在保护个人数据的匿名系统Tails发布自己首个1.0里程碑版本。据官方更新日志显示,这个1.0版本累计费时5年开发时间。当然开发者也是匿名人士,主要用于隐私保护、匿名使用等途径。

据官方声明介绍,“这个1.0版本是匿名系统走向成熟的一个重要里程碑。2009年6月23日发布首个公众版系统成为大家熟悉的Tails匿名系统,当时它仍然命名为Amnesia。一转眼五年过去了,而这次的1.0版本也是第36个稳定版本系统。”

这款匿名操作系统也是NSA前雇员斯诺登专用系统,主要为了避开美国NSA网络监控而研发而成。

在内核设计上,匿名系统Tails同样基于Linux开源内核,支持从DVD、SD卡或者USB设备等介质启动,可以在任何一台电脑上运行操作或者上网,并且不会在电脑本地留下任何个人记录。Tails匿名系统使用Tor隐私加密工具,允许创建一个私有网络。

Tails系统中自带了Web浏览器、即时通讯、电子邮件、办公套件、图像与声音编辑器等常用软件。

这次更新声明中提示,新版带来了安全方面的补丁,并敦促用户尽快升级。如果读者对Linux感兴趣,也可以下载使用这款匿名操作系统Tails ISO镜像(点击这里下载,909MB)。

Tails, The Amnesic Incognito Live System, version 1.0, is out.
All users must upgrade as soon as possible: this release fixes numerous security issues.

Introduction

We are especially proud to present you Tails 1.0!
Version 1.0 is often an important milestone that denotes the maturity of a free software project. The first public version of what would become Tails was released on June 23 2009, when it was called Amnesia. That was almost five years ago. Tails 1.0 marks the 36th stable release since then.

Achievements

We have been working since then on the many features we think are essential both in terms of security and usability:
But this has been a continuous work over the past years, and you will see that 1.0 itself does not bring a lot of effective changes for the user. Still, to mark the occasion, we integrated our new logo on the website and the boot menu.

Thank you

The maturity of Tails is also reflected in:

Future

Version 1.0 does not mean that we will stop adding new features and improving Tails. Briefly, here are our plans for the future:
  • Tails 1.1, due in June 2014, will be based on Debian 7 (Wheezy) and will bring many new versions of the software included in Tails.
  • Tails 2.0 will focus on sustainability and maintainability. Most of that work aims at reducing the workload of creating new versions of Tails through infrastructure improvements and automated testing. Our objective is to be able to release same-day security updates.
  • Tails 3.0 will focus on changes in the internals of Tails to make it more secure. That includes sandboxing critical applications and software hardening.
And of course, new contributors with all kinds of skills are always welcome. There is surelysomething you can do to make Tails better.

Changes

Notable user-visible changes include:
  • Security fixes
    • Upgrade the web browser to 24.5.0esr-0+tails1~bpo60+1 (Firefox 24.5.0esr + Iceweasel patches + Torbrowser patches).
    • Upgrade Tor to 0.2.4.21-1+tails1~d60.squeeze+1:
      • Based on 0.2.4.21-1~d60.squeeze+1.
      • Backport the fix for bug #11464 on Tor Project's Trac. It adds client-side blacklists for all Tor directory authority keys that was vulnerable to Heartbleed. This protects clients in case attackers were able to compromise a majority of the authority signing and identity keys.
  • Bugfixes
    • Disable inbound I2P connections. Tails already restricts incoming connections, but this change tells I2P about it.
    • Fix link to the system requirements documentation page in the Tails Upgrader error shown when too little RAM is available.
  • Minor improvements
    • Upgrade I2P to 0.9.12-2~deb6u+1.
    • Import TorBrowser profile. This was forgotten in Tails 0.23 and even though we didn't explicitly set those preferences in that release they defaulted to the same values. This future-proofs us in case the defaults would ever change.
    • Import new custom version of Tor Launcher:
    • Integrate the new Tails logo into various places:
      • The website
      • The boot splash
      • The "About Tails" dialog
See the online Changelog for technical details.

Known issues

I want to try it or to upgrade!

Go to the download page.
As no software is ever perfect, we maintain a list of problems that affects the last release of Tails.

What's coming up?

The next Tails release is scheduled for June 10.
Have a look to our roadmap to see where we are heading to.
Would you want to help? There are many ways you can contribute to Tails. If you want to help, come talk to us!

來源:http://www.ithome.com/html/soft/83532.htm#0-tqq-1-11201-89b7933b38b0586d98eb9d131fa70b46
https://tails.boum.org/news/version_1.0/index.en.html

Related Posts